Kilim is hand weaved rug with no pile or nap which is made from either wool (mostly
in old days) or cotton yarn.
In weaving kilim, a single line of thread is used and the quality of kilim has to
do with the thickness of the thread, thinner thread produces higher quality kilims.
Kilim is a simple version of rug and it existed before the innovation of rug.
The discovered evidences from the cemetery of “Egyption pharaohs” or “ the pyramids
of Giza “ indicate that kilim existed in 2500 BC.
Traces and written documents from the historians and tourists show that weawing
kilim was one of the initial art among different tribes who
were scottered in different areas.
It can be claimed that people started weaving even before building cottages/houses
, weaving kilim and cloth/fabrics was common at the same time, however for cloth
they were using thinner threads (Filaments) and for kilim thicker ones.
Kilims were usually decorated and designed by drawing of multi-colored triangles,
squares, hexagons, flowers, bushes and also the drawing of domestic and wile animals.
Although the oldest kilim has discovered in Egypt, but the art of weaving kilim
exists in some other countries such as : India,
China, Afghanistan, Pakistan and other middle Estern countries. There are different
varieties of kilim for different purposes.
Kilim has been used for dinner cloths, horse bags, Eye masks, Regular bags for carrying
belonging, and so forth…
In our country majority of kilims are weaved in states such as:
Shiraz, Khorasan, Kordestan and Azarbijan.
For weaving kilims two different styles of “KA” (Burlap) and/or SOUFI are used,
which the weavers use either a vertical or horizontal “DARK” (Rug frames)
These “Daavs” are formed by attaching the ends of four beams together and run the
threads or yarn through them, and then the weaving of kilim is done through these
A completed kilim has different parts such as: Hashie(fringe), Gorange, Sarpelas,
Shirazes, and so forth…
There is a historical antecedent in regards to the usage of kilim which shows people
have been using it as carpet for centuries.
The discovered evidences show that the initial hand weaving kilims were very simple
and were produced from a from of weft $ woof threads, which the weavers passed them
through either the top or under of every other yarns.
There is not any certain apinion in regards to the antiquity of kilim in Iran.
There are not many samples of the ancient kilims, because yarns were basically made
of plants, therefore factores such as: nature has damaged and annihilated kilims
which were basically made of these yarns.
However what is certain is that we can not separate history of weaving kilim from
weaving textile fabrics (cloths) and somehow they are interrelated to each other.
The difference between Rugs and Kilims are in sizes, and way of weaving.
Rugs can be much bigger, and a regular size of a rugs comes in 3 meters (10’) by
4 meters (13’)
Beside the size, the other difference between kilims and Rugs is that:
For weaving the rug , a posted design is used and weavers have to look and use that
design in each and every step of weaving , how ever , the kilim weavers use their
own creativities in their works.
Initially the size of kilim was based on the tents that were used by different tribes.
Lack of similarities in climates of mountains, and deserts in different parts of
Iran , have had impacts on the way of living, and in general the life-style of people.
These differences and dealing with nature and its obstacles have resulted in dissimilarities
of traditions, customs, ceremonies, hand crafts, and finally arts, which weaving
kilim is one of them what are mentioned are the most important factors for having
variety styles of kilim.
Furthermore the style and design of each kilim are indicative of particularities,
climate, and circumstances of the weavers.